National Conference 2020 – Breakout Sessions

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Building Today for a Better Tomorrow

February 11-12, 2020 at the Hilton Lac Leamy, Gatineau Quebec




BREAKOUT STREAM A: Implementation Tools

This stream focuses on tools for implementation practitioners, particularly those working in modern treaty organizations.


1A: Teaching our Citizens about the Treaties

This session explores approaches to communications and awareness-building about modern treaties, with a focus on educating our communities. It will include a discussion of communications tools and share a number of experiences, lessons learned and best practices.


2A: Involving Youth, Recruitment and Succession Planning

Treaty implementation is an ongoing and resource-intensive process. How do we best support, motivate and mobilize our youth and our staff to take on the challenge of reclaiming and rebuilding in the modern treaty context?


3A: Data Relevance, Management, and Governance

Leaders need accurate and current information to make informed decisions and communicate with citizens and treaty partners. This session will delve deep into current initiatives in data management and governance, including questions of access and data sovereignty, as well as on-the-ground tools and ideas for data analysts and information management staff.


4A: Sustaining Indigenous Languages

With a panel comprising practitioners and linguists in relation to strengthening languages and reviving languages with few current speakers, session panelists and participants will share success stories, lessons learned, barriers and opportunities in language revitalization.



Modern treaties set the “ground rules” for how governments must work together to achieve their objectives while respecting the rights, jurisdictions and interests of their treaty partners.  This stream explores current opportunities and challenges.


1B: Self-Government

Dive deep into self-government agreements and their relationship to land claims agreements, experiences of transitioning into self-government, and related challenges and opportunities. How we can help one another in the development and operation of self government agreements? This session will also include a moderated discussion on the topic of intergovernmental relations between the federal government and Indigenous self-governments. ESDC will moderate the discussion, with a focus on asking how the federal government can best to communicate opportunities and engagements with self-government partners.


2B: What Should Policy Co-Development Look Like? Modern Treaty Perspectives

We hear about it a lot, but what does “co-development” mean? What does meaningful co-development entail? In this session, hear modern treaty perspectives on what is required for collaboration and co-development, areas where it has taken place, and areas where improvement is needed.


3B The Collaborative Federal Fiscal Policy Development Process

Come learn more about the collaborative federal fiscal policy development process for self-government, lessons learned, work so far and the process forward, including its implications for modern treaty holders.


4B Revenues, Financial Relationships and Modern Treaty Implementation

When a modern treaty is signed there are obligations on Canada both in terms of spending and transferring funds. How does this system work? How can it be improved? Attend this session for an opportunity to better understand the financial relationships between modern treaty organizations and federal, provincial and territorial governments, as well as how the federal government makes funding decisions.



This stream explores opportunities in various sectors, including research, business, and sustainable economic development.


1C It’s All Connected: Socioeconomic Outcomes and Wellbeing

This session will look at approaches modern treaty signatories and partners are taking to support wellbeing in our communities. It is an opportunity to share challenges and opportunities in all the different stages, from visioning and planning through to costing and evaluation. This session will focus on land-based programs, the connections between infrastructure investments and wellbeing, and experience with program monitoring and evaluation.


2C Impact and Benefit Agreements

Attend this session to share experiences with impact and benefit agreements in the modern treaty context. Share stories and information about how the negotiation process and agreements have changed over the last years, how they vary across regions and current issues to keep an eye on.


3C Building Sustainable Economies

This session will feature businesses and modern treaty organizations sharing information and stories about how they support economies, opportunities, livelihoods and innovation in modern treaty communities. Transitioning to green economies, supporting entrepreneurs with loans, training programs and everything in between, this session will explore current efforts, successes and challenges in building a diverse, sustainable, community economies.


4C Food Security

Attend this session to learn about different modern treaty efforts to support food security, from farms through income subsidies and everything in between. What works? What opportunities still need to be tried? From coast-to-coast-to-coast this is a critical discussion.


BREAKOUT STREAM D: Structures of Government

How we work together is informed by the organizations, rules and structures we work within.  This stream looks at the ways government and modern treaty organizations are organized as well as suggestions for new structures to improve implementation.


1D Implementation Organizations: Committees & Co-management Boards

This session is an opportunity to see the world of implementation from the perspectives of committees, co-management boards, and institutions of public governance. It will focus on sharing of implementation experiences that illustrate the strengths and weaknesses of agreements.


2D Crown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs and Indigenous Services: An Update on the INAC Split

In 2017 it was announced that INAC would split into two departments: Crown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs Canada (CIRNAC) and Indigenous Services Canada (ISC).  The newly appointed Deputy Ministers spoke at the LCAC’s 2017 conference. Now, three years later, what is the current status of this re-organization? What are the implications for modern treaty holders?


3D A Modern Treaty Implementation Review Commission

The LCAC has been calling for an independent review body on modern treaty implementation since it was first formed in 2003.  A comprehensive proposal was prepared in 2016, launched at our 2017 national conference and presented at the 2017 Prime Minister’s Forum. This workshop will focus on the proposed commission, current status and next steps.


4D The 2015 Cabinet Directive: Reflections After 5 Years

This workshop will focus on the 2015 Cabinet Directive, which resulted in the formation of the Modern Treaty Implementation Office and the Deputy Ministers’ Oversight Committee.  This Directive is now undergoing its 5-year review. What are the conclusions after 5 years?  How does this fit into the landscape of federal efforts?



This stream will focus on legal topics and updates, many of which may be accredited for professional development.


1E Consultation: Guidelines, Expectations and Case Studies

How is consultation with modern treaty partners distinct from consultation with other Indigenous rights holders or organizations across Canada, and why?  This session will delve into effective consultation/engagement, the use of the Assessment of Modern Treaty Implications (AMTI) tool, and relationships with provinces and territories, with examples from BC, Yukon and NWT.


2E Legal and Policy Updates

Learn about recent updates in legislation, policy and case law and the implications for the interpretation and implementation of modern treaties. Updates to include the recent changes to the Mackenzie Valley Resource Management Act and the new Recognition and Reconciliation of Rights Policy for Treaty Negotiations in British Columbia, and the federal Indigenous Languages Act.


3E Resolving Basic Differences: Dispute Resolution, Litigation and Other Options

This panel session will review different approaches modern treaty organizations have taken to resolving differences and disputes.


4E The UNDRIP and National Implications for Modern Treaty Implementation

This session will explore the UNDRIP and implications for modern treaty implementation. Panelists will outline the key questions and concerns, as well as reflections on how the UNDRIP opens up broader interpretations of implementing treaties.